India has four distinct seasons: winter, summer, monsoon, and post-monsoon.
- Winter (December – February) – The winter season in India is characterized by cold and dry weather, particularly in the northern part of the country. Temperatures can drop to near-freezing levels in some areas, particularly in the Himalayas. Due to pleasant weather conditions, winter is the peak season for tourism in North India.
- Summer (March – June) – The summer season in India is characterized by hot and dry weather, particularly in the central and northern parts of the country. Temperatures can rise to over 45°C in some areas, particularly in the country’s northwestern part. This is the peak season for tourism in hill stations and coastal areas as people escape the scorching heat of the plains.
- Monsoon (July – September) – The monsoon season in India brings heavy rainfall to most parts of the country, particularly in the western and southern regions. This season is important for agriculture in India, as it brings much-needed water to crops. However, the monsoon season can also lead to flooding and landslides in some areas.
- Post-monsoon (October – November) – The post-monsoon season in India is characterized by cooler temperatures and less rainfall. This is a good time to visit most parts of the country, particularly the desert areas of Rajasthan and the southern part of the country, as the weather is pleasant and there is less rainfall.
Note: exact timings of the seasons may vary dependent on the region in India. For example, the winter season may last longer in the northern part of the country, while the monsoon season may be shorter in the northeastern part of the country.