What is a Web Browser? How does a Browser Work?

“World Wide Web” was the first & foremost web browser launched by Tim Berners Lee in 1990. This is totally unlike from the World Wide Web we use today

As per the current era, we are completely addicted to the internet. Isn’t it? We are highly influenced by a web browser and active internet support.

The web browser is the global platform through which you can experience the internet. Each and every day, countless will visit websites through browsers. As we know, we have some major browsers, including Google Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Safari, and Opera — accounts effectively hold up to 95% of web traffic.

A vital responsibility of a web browser is to agree to take a web URL via an address bar, try to fetch the relevant resources, and display them on your browsing screen.

How are Web Browser functions classified?

Browsers functionality can be divided into four chief sections and these include:

Fetch > Process > Display > Storage

How does the Web browser Work?

  • A web browser will provide and drag to anywhere on the internet. Whereas, it retrieves the required information from other parts of the web and shows you the best search result on your desktop or mobile device. The information can be easily transferred via the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, which describes the way text, images, and video are conveyed on the web. At the same time, the information wants to be shared and shown in a reliable format so that people utilizing any browser, anywhere in the world might get through your information.

Other side of WEB BROWSER WORK:

  • Eventually, we have a bad side to browsers. Whereas, not all browser launchers prefer to understand the format in a similar way. In accordance with specific users, this means that a website can even look and function inversely. Generating a consistent phrase between browsers, which can allow any user to experience the goodness of the internet, nevertheless of the browser they choose, is known as Web standards.
  • If the web browser draws your data from the internet which is interlinked to the server, it can use your piece of software- named rendering engine in order to translate that particular data into text and images. Hence, this data is crafted in a way known as Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and web browsers read this code to generate what we require, hear and knowledge on the internet.

How Hyperlinks supports the Webpage?

  • Whereas, Hyperlinks can even allow users to trail a path to other pages or sites on the web. Each webpage, image, and video have its own exclusive Uniform Resource Locator (URL), which is also named a web address. When a browser hits the server for data, the web address informs the browser where to find the respective item that is described as per the HTML, which then lets you access the browser via the web page.

History of Web Browser

As of today, web browsers are quite easy to operate and which can be utilized on your respective or preferred devices like computers, laptops, mobile phones, etc. but this progress of manufacturing browsers accessible for easy practice took countless years.

The succeeding are about prominent points which must be known to acknowledge the history of web browsers:

  • In the year 1993- the “Mosaic” web browser was launched effectively with the features like adding images and an advanced graphical interface. Hence, it is “the world’s first popular browser”
  • In the year 1994- Marc Andreessen (leader of Mosaic Team) initiated the working on a new web browser, which was unrestricted and stated as “Netscape Navigator”
  • In the year 1995- “Internet Explorer” was started by Microsoft. Eventually, it has become an extensive popular web browser.
  • In the year 2002- “Mozilla Firefox” was announced and that is similar to Internet Explorer.
  • On the other hand, Apple even launched a web browser in the year 2003 that is known as “Safari”. At the same instance, this browser is usually utilized only by Apple devices & not popular with other devices.
  • At last, in the year 2008, Google proudly released “Chrome” and in a very short period of time of 3 years it took over all the add-on existing browsers and was also much familiar among users globally.

In-depth features of the above-mentioned web browsers:

World Wide Web(WWW)

  • It was called as “Nexus” to turn to stay away from the confusion with the World Wide Web
  • Supports the elementary features and less collaboration in terms of the graphic interface
  • Fails in supporting the Bookmark feature.


  • Supports the efficient graphic interface like Images, text, and graphics that could be effective in all prospects.
  • Further, it is developed by National Center for Supercomputing Applications
  • Later, it was considered as “the world’s first popular browser”

To be known: It is the second browser that is founded later.

Netscape Navigator

  • It is enabled with diverse versions of this browser which is launched by Netscape
  • Supports the users to experience the advanced licensing scheme and permits free usage for non-commercial purposes

Internet Explorer

  • Near to 10 versions of Internet Explorer which were released by Microsoft and were updated gradually
  • Supported with Microsoft Windows operating system
  • Then, in 2015, it was named “Microsoft Edge”, as it became the default browser on Windows 10


  • Firefox had the tie-up with usage share from Internet Explorer and gained the main browser between the years 2003-04
  • It started with Location-aware browsing which is readily available with Firefox
  • This browser can also support devices like mobile phones, tablets, etc.

Google Chrome

  • You can be trusted and secured from the attacks like malware, Google developed the ad-blocking feature to stay away from user data security.
  • Incognito mode is introduced where private searching is supported for the users where cookies or history are not been recorded.
  • It holds the best user interface till today.

Other Features

  • Web browser mainly supports retrieving information from the World Wide Web and provides the users to be benefited.
  • Handling any website can be done via a web browser. If the URL is entered in the browser, the web server lifts us to the respective/individual website.
  • In order to Run the Java applets and flash content, plugins are accessible on the web browser separately.
  • Eventually, it enables Internet surfing in a user-friendly way once we reach a website. This can be done through hyperlinks in order to fetch even more data sources via online.
  • When it comes to Browsers user’s internal cache, which can be stored and the user can access the same webpage again & again without losing additional data.
  • Several web pages can be opened at a moment on a web browser.

Add on to this, you may even have the options like back, forward, reload, stop reload, home, etc. which are quietly enabled on the web browsers, which makes using them easy and accessible.


  • Step 1 – Go to your active web browser.
  • Step 2 – Connect through the "Address bar/Location", enter the search engine you want to be used, and press enter.
  • Step 3 – Mention the content you want to search in the "search text box" and confirm with the enter key.
  • Step 4 – Finally, you will be getting the list of web pages through which you can choose your relevant content/web page to proceed further.

A web browser is simply termed to be an application software for retrieving websites. If the user desires a web page from a specific website, the browser recovers its files from a web server, and then it will show you the page on your screen. Browsers can be handled on any device like desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones.